Oral hygiene is one of the biggest health concerns that many people have these days, and it is so important that you do as much as possible to look after your oral health. One of the most common questions we get is why are my gums bleeding? So, in this article, we will take you through the most common causes.

Gum Problems & Gum (Periodontal) Disease

We all understand that gum disease, or periodontal disease, and tooth decay do happen. One of the biggest factors threatening oral hygiene these days is bleeding gums.

This is something you should take seriously and understanding what causes it is imperative. As well as causing basic issues like bad breath, if you don’t treat bleeding gums, it can lead to more serious issues like tooth loss.

Why Are My Gums Bleeding & Bleeding Gums Symptoms?

In short, bleeding gums is caused by gum disease, which is inflammation of the gums. When the gums are inflamed this leads to bleeding, the severity of which can vary.

There are 3 stages to gum disease; gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. We have outlined these below, along with some of the other common reasons for bleeding gums.


If you are experiencing bleeding gums, it could well be that you have acute gingivitis. Many people have gingivitis and are not aware, but bleeding gums are one of the biggest red flags.

The good news is that gingivitis is highly preventable, and can be reversed if you adopt a positive hygiene regime, making sure you brush and clean between the teeth thoroughly with interdental brushes or dental floss.

Gingivitis is something you can have for a long while before any symptoms actually present themselves, so it can be tough to spot. But, if you are asking yourself, ‘why are my gums bleeding?’ then this is definitely something that you should be looking into.

Periodontitis & Advanced Periodontitis

If gingivitis is left untreated, it will progress to periodontal disease. This destroys the bone and support structure of the teeth, leading to gum recession and mobile teeth.


Smoking is a terrible habit for oral hygiene. If you want to prevent bleeding gums or prevent gum disease, it is clear that smoking is one of the biggest contributors.

Think about the damage that cigarettes can do to your mouth, and there is no question that smoking leaves toxins in the teeth and gums that can be difficult to get rid of. These substances often cause the gums to become unhealthy and start bleeding.

If you are interested in ways to quit smoking, this guide from the NHS is extremely helpful: Take Steps Now To Stop Smoking.

Other Reasons To Be Aware Of

Other signs of gum disease are bad breath, receding gums and wobbly teeth, which can all be helped by a correct brushing routine. But, as well as making sure you think about the way you brush your teeth, it is worthwhile switching to an electric toothbrush.

Also, consider a toothbrush that has soft bristles, rather than firm ones. This will help to keep your gums healthy when brushing whilst still being just as effective when removing plaque.

How To Get Rid Of Bleeding Gums With Treatment

As you can see, reasons for bleeding gums goes beyond simply keeping your teeth clean. Pinpointing the issue is vital in the early stages to stop any longer-term problems coming about.

If you are based around the Plymouth, Devon area and are concerned about bleeding gums, pop in to see us. Call our friendly reception team today on 01752 224880 or email info@meaddental.co.uk to book an appointment.

If you have never visited us before, remember that we offer a new patient examination, where we can help diagnose any underlying issues immediately.